General Health Profile
This assessment examines the following aspects:
- Levels of cholesterol
- Diabetes indicators
- Gout presence
- Iron levels in the body
- Kidney functionality
- Liver functionality
- Muscle and bone health
A thorough examination of liver and kidney function, bone health, iron levels, diabetes (HbA1c), and a complete cholesterol profile.
What should I anticipate from this General Health Profile?
This at-home test provides a comprehensive evaluation of your overall health, including diabetes (HbA1c), liver and kidney function, bone health, iron levels, and a complete cholesterol profile. This profile enables you to take a proactive approach in managing your health and detecting/monitoring underlying or pre-existing conditions.
Detection capabilities of this test
Cholesterol (7 Biomarkers)
This cholesterol test examines seven key biomarkers related to cholesterol levels. Elevated cholesterol levels can have detrimental effects on your cardiovascular system, leading to the blockage of arteries and increasing the risk of coronary heart disease, heart attacks, or strokes. By learning about your cholesterol levels, you can make informed decisions about adopting positive lifestyle changes and adjusting your diet to mitigate these risks and promote overall health.
Total cholesterol is a measurement of the overall amount of cholesterol present in your blood. This includes both low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterols. Cholesterol is essential for hormone production, growth, development, and reproductive processes within the body.
High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is a form of cholesterol often referred to as “good” cholesterol. It plays a crucial role in the removal of cholesterol from the arteries of the heart, contributing to cardiovascular health.
Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is commonly known as “bad” cholesterol. It has been associated with cholesterol buildup and blockage in the arteries, increasing the risk of cardiovascular problems.
Total Cholesterol: HDL Ratio
The total cholesterol to HDL ratio is a mathematical calculation that provides insights into the ratio between total cholesterol and the “good” (HDL) cholesterol present in your blood. This ratio helps assess your overall cardiovascular health and the balance between beneficial and potentially harmful cholesterol levels.
Non-HDL cholesterol represents the total amount of cholesterol present in your blood, excluding the “good” high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL). Monitoring non-HDL cholesterol levels is important in assessing your overall cardiovascular risk.
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the bloodstream, distinct from cholesterol. Monitoring triglyceride levels is crucial for evaluating overall lipid profile and cardiovascular health.
HDL percentage indicates the proportion of total cholesterol that consists of “good” (HDL) cholesterol. This measurement provides insights into the balance of cholesterol subtypes and their impact on your cardiovascular health.
Diabetes (1 Biomarker):
Monitoring your HbA1c levels allows for the confirmation and early detection of diabetes, a condition that, if left unmanaged or undiagnosed, can have severe consequences, including increased mortality risk. For individuals already diagnosed with diabetes, regular HbA1c checks are crucial for monitoring progress.
HbA1c (Glycosylated Hemoglobin):
This test measures the average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months and serves as a standard diagnostic and monitoring tool for diabetes. It detects glucose, a sugar that accumulates in the blood and binds to red blood cell hemoglobin.
Gout (1 Biomarker)
Gout, a form of arthritis, is caused by high levels of uric acid. Once diagnosed, there are ways to manage symptoms and prevent recurrence.
Urate (Uric Acid)
Urate is a byproduct of purine breakdown from substances like DNA or certain food and drinks. It is excreted by the kidneys and used to detect gout and diagnose recurring kidney stone formation.
Iron Studies (4 Biomarkers)
Iron studies comprise a set of blood tests that measure the amount of iron present in the blood and stored in the body’s tissues. Iron deficiency can give rise to a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, chest pains, and shortness of breath. By assessing iron levels and related markers, iron studies provide valuable insights into your iron status and help identify potential causes of anaemia or other related conditions.
Iron is a mineral essential for the production of red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying oxygen in the blood. Adequate iron levels are crucial for maintaining healthy muscles, bone marrow function, and organ health. Measuring iron levels provides valuable information about the iron content in your blood. Low iron levels may indicate anaemia, while high levels could be indicative of liver disease or other underlying health issues.
Total Iron Binding Capacity
Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) refers to the maximum amount of iron that can be transported in the blood. Iron is crucial for the transport of oxygen. TIBC tests are used to evaluate iron status and absorption, aiding in the diagnosis of conditions such as anaemia and iron overload disorders like Haemochromatosis. Impairments in TIBC may be observed in individuals with existing liver disease.
Unsaturated Iron Binding Capacity
Unsaturated Iron Binding Capacity (UIBC) measures the amount of transferrin available for iron transport. Transferrin plays a key role in the transportation of iron, facilitating oxygen transport in the blood. UIBC tests help monitor iron toxicity treatment and assess iron-related conditions.
Transferrin is an iron-binding glycoprotein produced by the liver. It facilitates the transport of iron, which is essential for oxygen delivery in the blood. Transferrin tests assess iron status and can be helpful in diagnosing anaemia. Transferrin saturation represents the value obtained by dividing serum iron by the total iron-binding capacity of transferrin, providing insights into iron transport and availability.
Kidney Function (3 Biomarkers)
Kidneys play a vital role in waste removal, blood pressure regulation, and red blood cell production. Healthy kidney function is essential for overall health and well-being.
Urea is a waste product of protein metabolism. Urea tests assess kidney function and indicate diseases affecting the kidneys and liver.
Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscles during contraction. It is excreted by the kidneys and measured to assess kidney function.
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) measures the kidney’s filtration function. GFR tests detect and monitor changes in kidney status.
Liver Function (8 Biomarkers)
The liver performs essential functions within the body, such as regulating blood sugar levels, fighting infections, and detoxifying the blood. Maintaining good liver function is crucial for overall health and well-being.
Albumin is a liver-produced protein responsible for maintaining fluid balance in the bloodstream. It also transports substances like hormones and vitamins throughout the body. Albumin tests aid in diagnosing and monitoring liver and kidney diseases.
Globulin is a protein synthesized in the liver by the immune system. It plays a vital role in liver function, blood clotting, and immune response against infections. Globulin tests are used to diagnose conditions such as liver damage or disease, kidney disease, and autoimmune disorders.
Total Protein refers to the combined amount of two proteins found in blood serum: albumin and globulin. Albumin is crucial for maintaining fluid in the bloodstream, while globulin is an essential component of the immune system. Total protein tests indicate potential issues with albumin or globulin levels.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) is an enzyme primarily found in the liver and bones. ALP tests assist in diagnosing liver or bone diseases.
Alanine Transaminase (ALT)
Alanine Transaminase (ALT) is an enzyme predominantly found in the liver, with smaller amounts in the heart, kidneys, and skeletal muscle. During injury to the heart, liver, kidneys, or skeletal muscle, ALT is released into the bloodstream. ALT tests aid in diagnosing liver disease.
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)
Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) is an enzyme produced by the liver. When there is injury to the heart, liver, or skeletal muscle, AST is released into the bloodstream. AST tests can detect liver disease.
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT)
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is an enzyme primarily found in the liver, as well as in the gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys. It plays a significant role in the liver’s metabolism of drugs and toxins. GGT tests can identify liver disease and bile duct injuries.
Total Bilirubin measures the amount of bilirubin present in the blood. Bilirubin aids in the digestion of food and is produced from the breakdown of old red blood cells carrying oxygen. Total bilirubin tests aid in diagnosing and monitoring liver diseases and specific types of anemia.
Muscle & Bone Health (3 Biomarkers)
Calcium is an essential mineral found in bones and circulating in the blood. It plays a crucial role in bone formation and blood clotting. Calcium tests aid in diagnosing and monitoring conditions related to bones, heart, and kidneys.
Adjusted Calcium, also known as corrected calcium, is a calculation that considers the measurement of the protein albumin to determine the amount of free calcium in the blood. Adjusted calcium tests aid in diagnosing and monitoring conditions related to bones, heart, and kidneys.